What is Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) all about?
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is specialized in more over three branches of Science that are Neurophysiology, Neuropsychology and Neurotechnology. TMS, on the other hand, is also known as (Repetitive) Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation. TMS is kind of brain stimulation which is non-invasive in which change of the magnetic field is being used to induce electric current at a respective area of the brain through the medium known as electromagnetic induction.
How Does TMS Work?
A stimulator or sometimes an electric pulse stimulator is being connected with a magnetic coil, which again is connected with the scalp thereby. The stimulator in the meantime generates electric current with a change in it which runs through the coil increasing the magnetic field of it. This field helps to cause a tendency of the stimulator more than one of the inverted charges which is present within the brain itself. In the central nervous system with a wide variety if diseases TMS has shown a great and applauding performance in diagnostic as well as therapeutic potential in the science branch neurology and also in mental health. The research work for TMS procedure and treatment is being evolved more day by day, and progress is shown randomly.
What are the Diseases And Disorders Treated by TMS: Symptoms and Remedy
There are several numbers if diseases, as well as disorders cured by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation and the results of the procedure in which the treatment is being run through, is immensely showing positive aspects. People are getting accustomed to this TMS procedure and treatment day by day and get relief from the pain and disturbances they were facing previously in no time. Doctors too are recommending this procedure to cure these several diseases as the treatment is not much pain to pass through. Luigi Galvani the father of electrophysiology along with Michael Faraday changing the corresponding magnetic field of electric current one can induce its counterpart in a pretty simpler way.
The Disorders Treated by TMS are:
Alzheimer's Disease -
Symptoms: Difficulty in thinking and understanding, confusion generating in the evening hours of the day, making up conversations, forgetfulness, inability to do simple math’s or recognize simple things and many other similar kinds of symptoms are seen in Alzheimer's affected patient.
Remedy: RTMS or Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation is well-tolerated and has shown immense improvement and global impressions in patients dealing with acute Alzheimer's disease. People dealing with this disease has shown improvement. Research work to cure AD (Alzheimer's Disease) through TMS is still a continuing process.
Symptoms : Any belief has a special and a personal meaning, a belief that thoughts are of someone else's, disorientation, loss of memory, mentally confused, being slow in any activity, keeping a false belief in everything and leading it to superiority hallucinating different objects or persons, hearing voices of some other person, and many more of similar kinds.
Remedy: Especially for those people who are schizophrenic patient and experiencing persistent auditory hallucinations, TMS therapy and treatment has been a great solution for them.
Symptoms: The one and very general symptom of Dystonia is that people experience cramping of muscles or involuntary movements of muscles almost all the time throughout a day. Sometimes voice box spasms or twitching of eyelid is also been noticed as the symptoms of Dystonia. One more thing which is to be kept in mind is that the symptoms of this disease sometimes occur in childhood too, and then the first where it appears is in a child's hand or foot.
Remedy: It is been noticed that people suffering from Dystonia the TMS therapy and treatment to them has improved mobility of them along with improving quality of life, reducing the level of pains as TMS is a non-invasive treatment.
Symptoms: Migraine at the first hand can be detected by several normal symptoms which are in specific parts of the brain, eyes, or neck area. The pain increases along with the sensitivity of light and sound of a person having a migraine. Continued dizziness or lightheadedness is being noticed throughout the day after a migraine attack.
Remedy: TMS halts or calms down the overactive brain activity, specifically inducing the interchange of electric current generated by the electromagnetic field into the respective areas in the brain from where the throbbing starts leading to a huge pain.
Symptoms: Stroke might occur in various places in our body having different symptoms for each one of them.
- In Case of muscles, difficulty in walking or paralysis of one side of the body or both of the side of the body is being noticed.
- In Case of visual stroke double vision or sudden loss of eyesight or temporary loss of eyesight of one of the eyes is seen.
- When a stroke occurs through speech, loss of speech suddenly, or slurred speech happens.
- Facial stroke comes with facial numbness or muscle weakness.
Remedy: With the two very important emerging and potentially useful functions identified the use of Transcranial Magnetic Solution (TMS) has increased dramatically over the last decade.
Firstly, the use of single pulse TMS which acts as a tool for predicting the recovery motor function after the stroke, and
Secondly, modifying the excitability of the motor cortex the use of RTMS (Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) as a treatment adjunct aimed at this in preparation for rehabilitation.
Prediction of recovery after stroke is a complex process and the usage of TMS alone is not enough therefore in conjunction with other tools TMS is being increased.
TMS: A New Evolution to Depression Treatment
Likewise, it is seen that with the help of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) therapy and Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (RTMS) procedure and treatment many of the incurable or prolonged carried diseases are being cured or is at the verge of treatment. Specially disorders like Schizophrenia, Migraine, Depression is being very common in today's youth or the upcoming young generation. If these are being cured at the first hand then one can lead a happy life ahead.